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Kunzwa kurasikirwa kwakawanzo kutaurwa se "hurema husingaonekwe", kwete nekuda kwekushayikwa kwezviratidzo zvinoonekwa, asi nekuti yakagara ichishorwa munharaunda uye ikasateererwa nevanoita mutemo.
Kusanzwisisika kurasikirwa kwekunzwa ndicho chechitatu chikuru chikonzero chemakore akararama nehurema pasirese. Inobata vanhu veese mazera, pamwe nemhuri uye hupfumi. Inofungidzirwa US $ 1 trillion inorasika gore rega rega nekuda kwekutadza kwedu pamwe kugadzirisa zvakakwana kunzwa kwekunzwa. Nepo mutoro wezvemari wakakura, izvo zvisingakwanise kuverengwa kushungurudzika kunokonzerwa nekurasikirwa kwekutaurirana, dzidzo uye kudyidzana munharaunda kunoenderana nekusagadzikana kwekunzwa kwekunzwa.
Chinoita kuti nyaya iyi ikurumidze kupfuura nakare ndeyekuti huwandu hwevanhu vane kurasikirwa kwekunzwa hunogona kukwira zvakanyanya mumakumi emakore ari kuuya. Vanhu vanopfuura mabhiriyoni 1.5 parizvino vanowana imwe nhanho yekurasikirwa kwekunzwa, inogona kukura kusvika pa2.5 bhiriyoni na2050. Pamusoro pezvo, 1.1 bhiriyoni vechidiki vari panjodzi yekurasikirwa kwekusingaperi kwekunzwa kubva pakuteerera mimhanzi neruzha rukuru kwenguva yakareba kwenguva. Chirevo chepasi rose chekunzwa chinoratidza kuti humbowo-hwakavakirwa uye hunodhura nzira dzehutano hweveruzhinji dzinogona kudzivirira zvikonzero zvakawanda zvekurasikirwa kwekunzwa.
Kutungamira zviito zvenguva yemberi, iyo World mushumo pakunzwa inodonongodza pasuru yekupindira kweNhengo dzeNyika kutora, uye inokurudzira nzira dzekubatanidzwa kwavo muhurongwa hwehutano hwenyika kuti vaone kuwana kwakaringana nzeve nekunzwa rubatsiro rwevose vanovada, vasina mari kuoma, zvinoenderana nemisimboti yehutano hwepasi rose hwekuvhara.
Iyo COVID-19 denda yakaratidza kukosha kwekunzwa. Sezvatakatambura kuti tirambe tichisangana nevanhu uye tichiramba takabatana nemhuri, shamwari uye vatinoshanda navo, takavimba nekugona kuvanzwa kupfuura nakare kose. Izvo zvakatidzidzisawo chidzidzo chakaomarara, kuti hutano hachisi chinhu chemhando yepamusoro, asi hwaro hwekusimudzira magariro, hupfumi uye zvematongerwo enyika. Kudzivirira uye kurapa chirwere nekuremara kwemarudzi ese hakusi mutengo, asi kudyara munyika yakachengeteka, yakanaka uye ine hupfumi kune vanhu vese.
Sezvo isu tichipindura uye tichipora kubva kune denda, isu tinofanirwa kuteerera kuzvidzidzo zvayiri kutidzidzisa, kusanganisira kuti hatichakwanise kuita kuti titeerere nzeve kune kurasikirwa kwekunzwa.

Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus
Mutungamiriri-General, World Health Organisation